Monday, January 31, 2011

RR 3 Trade and influence among the Greeks and Egyptians

The Greek and Egyptian designs were very different, but in the mid 6th c. BCE the Greek architecture began to look similar to the Egyptian style. Trade among the nations begins here.

Wood was no longer being used for temple design in Greece.
The interaction of these 2 countries was most likely rubbing off on the Greeks. The Egyptians had been using stone for awhile.

Trade began to take precedence among Greece and Egypt. The
Greeks offered Egypt silver, pottery, and decorations to be sold in the markets; the Egyptians traded back with grain.
The Doric column design is said to have been constructed while the relationship between Egypt and Greek was forming. The Greeks had used stone before, but never to carve with. The Egyptian temples were highly stylized, so they probably taught the Greeks the art of stone carving.

The pictures below showcase the influence of Egyptian architecture with that of the Greek columns. The first shows a peak at the top of this building supported by the Greek columns. The peak at the top goes into the shape of a pyramid. The second photo shows a Greek temple with Egyptian pyramids in the backdrop. The third is simply the Doric order.

Saturday, January 22, 2011

Putting History into Practice-BP 2

The first image showcases these circles as a mosaic across from a window that casts this pattern onto the ground and sidewalks. The circles in this structure join each square together. The repetition of the circles in this pattern is key to this picture. It truly incorporates the principle of repetition leading to a sense of unity. The joining of circles to the shape of a square creates that sense of oneness even though there are 2 different shapes.

This image showcases the element of groups. Located inside the EUC, these vertical pannels draw the eye up to the circle ceiling (image above). The wood panels create harmony through the blend of different wood shades.

The clock tower utilizes the elements of both groups and stacks. It reaches to vertical heights, but also incorporates levels including that of the bells, the clock itself, and the pointed peak at the top. This structure is almost set aside, as if it is sacred. I think its environment can influence rituals to occur. Events or memories can be formed around the clock tower because of its significance and beauty.

From this exercise, environments influence rituals in my opinion. If you think about famous gathering areas, rituals all formed around those spaces. Times Square is famous for so many things, including New Years Eve celebrations. That ritual formed around that environment. Church buildings influence the tradition of worship and communion with God. These man made objects, spaces and buildings all create a feeling inside us, in turn making a ritual come about in some fashion or another.

Monday, January 17, 2011

Ritual Centers

Nabta Playa>>>>>

**Purpose-the purpose of Nabta Playa was to structure time around the seasons. It has been compared to the famous Stonehenge but on a much smaller scale.

**Dimensions-Nabta Playa has been estimated to be 4 meters in diameter. The structure of the site is made up of stones arranged north-south and the other set is arranged northeast-southwest. As seen on the picture on the right, the stones are slender, standing straight up, and arranged in a circlular shape.

**Habitation-Numerous animal carcases have been found on Nabta Playa. From this discovery, researchers have concluded that cattle-raising must have been a large form of making money back in 6000 BCE. Priests, along with their families, have also been said to live here. This was a common place for nomadic groups to live.

Gobekli Tepe, Turkey>>>>>

**Purpose-The purpose of Gobekli Tepe was to serve as a temple. When the settlers of this site left, they covered the temples with rock and soil burying it to leave no trace of anything

**Dimensions-Also composed of a circular structure, Gobekli Tepe is made up of monolithic pillars of limestone estimating to be 3 meters high. These pillars have meticulous carvings of various animals, showing the inhabitants eye for detail.

Both are ritual centers that served a specific purpose at that time. What is interesting is that both are structured in the form of a circle.